In addition to the ReadDownloads page - which provides downloadable articles - there are a large number of useful references in LiDAR and Photogrammetry that cannot be directly hosted. This page provides references to key results in the literature. Please feel free to suggest more!


Abellan A, Jaboyedoff M, Oppikofer T, Vilaplana JM. Detection of millimetric deformation using a terrestrial laser scanner: experiment and application to a rockfall event. Nat Haz Earth Syst Sci 2009; 9:365–372

Bonnaffe F, Jennette D, Andrews J. A method for acquiring and processing ground-based Lidar data in difficult-to-access outcrops for use in three-dimensional, virtual-reality models. Geosphere 2007; 3:501–510

Buckley SJ, Howell JA, Enge HD, Kurz TH. Terrestrial laser scanning in geology: data acquisition, processing and accuracy considerations. J Geol Soc 2008; 165:625–638

Fekete, S., Diederichs, M., Lato, M. 2010 Geotechnical and Operational Applications for 3-dimensional laser scanning in drill and blast tunnels. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 25, 614-628.
An examination of operational use of LiDAR in mining operations. Downloadable PDF, see ‘ReadDownloads’ page.

Feng QH, Roshoff K. In situ mapping and documentation of rock fases using a full-coverage 3-D laser scanning technique. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 2004; 41,3:1-6

Gigi G, Casagli N. Semi-automatic extraction of rock mass structural data from high resolution LIDAR point clouds. Int. J of Rock Mech and Min Sci 2011; 48:187-198

Hanberg WC. Using close range terrestrial digital photogrammetry for 3-D rock slope modelling and discontinuity mapping in the United States. Bull Eng Geol Environ 2008; 67:457–469

Harrap, R., Lato, M. 2011 What is LiDAR: An Introduction to LiDAR. Internal report, Queen’s University.
A broad introduction to LiDAR, useful for beginners. Feel free to use in teaching. Downloadable PDF, see ‘ReadDownloads’ page.

Jaboyedoff M, Metzger R, Oppikofer T, Couture R, Derron M, Locat J, Turmel D. New insight techniques to analyze rock-slope relief using DEM and 3D-imaging cloud points. Rock Mechanics: Meeting Society's Challenges and Demands 2007; 61 -68 

Lato, M., Diederichs, M.S., Hutchinson, D.J., Harrap, R. 2011 Evaluating Roadside Rockmasses for Rockfall Hazards using LiDAR data: Optimizing Data Collection and Processing Protocols. Natural Hazards, 60, 831-64.
An overview of methods developed to position and process LiDAR from natural outcrops. Downloadable PDF, see ‘ReadDownloads’ Page.

Lato, M., Diederichs, M., and Hutchinson, D. 2010 Bias Correction for Static LiDAR Scanning of Rock Outcrops for Structural Characterization. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 43, 615-628.
A detailed look at the issue of positional bias when capturing rock mass geometry. Downloadable PDF, see ‘ReadDownloads’ Page.


Lato, M., Hutchinson, D.J., Diederichs, M.S., Ball, D., Harrap, R. 2009 Engineered monitoring of rockfall hazards along transportation corridors using mobile terrestrial LiDAR. Natural Hazards Earth System Science, 9, 935-946.
Examines the use of a mobile LiDAR system on a high-rail truck to capture rock mass geometry along a section of rail near Sault St. Marie, Ontario. Downloadable PDF, see ‘ReadDownloads’ Page.

Lato, M., Diederichs, M.S., Hutchinson, D.J., Harrap, R. 2008 Optimization of LiDAR scanning and processing for automated structural evaluation of discontinuities in rockmasses. Int. J. Rock Mechanics Mining Science, 46, 194-199.
Early look at characterization of rock masses with LiDAR. Downloadable PDF, see ‘ReadDownloads’ Page.

Kemeny, J., Turner, K. 2008 Ground-based LIDAR rock slope mapping and assessment. Federal Highway Administration report.
Downloadable PDF, see ‘ReadDownloads’ Page.

Kemeny, J., Post, R. 2003 Estimating three-dimensional rock discontinuity orientation from digital images of fracture traces. Computers and Geosciences, 29, 65-77.
An overview of a method for rock mass characterization with photogrammetry data. Downloadable PDF< see ‘ReadDownloads’ Page.

Olariu M.I, Ferguson J.F, Aiken C.L.V, Xu X. Outcrop fracture characterization using terrestrial laser scanners: Deep-water Jackfork sandstone at Big Rock Quarry, Arkansas, Geosphere 2008; 4,1:247–259

Slob, S., Hack, R., van Knapen, B., Turner, K., Kemeny, J. 2005 A Method for Automated Discontinuity Analysis of Rock Slopes with 3d Laser Scanning. Report, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.
Downloadable PDF, see ‘ReadDownloads’ Page.

Sturzenegger M, Stead D. Close-range terrestrial digital photogrammetry and terrestrial laser scanning for discontinuity characterization on rock cuts. Eng Geol 2009; 106:163–182

Sturzenegger M, Stead D. Quantifying discontinuity orientation and persistence on high mountain rock slopes and large landslides using terrestrial remote sensing techniques. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci 2009; 9:267–287